transported convicts to Australia in
1833 (NSW), 1837 (NSW)
and 1845 (VDL).
A new set of Instructions were issued to
Surgeons in 1836.......
Admiralty, 1st November 1836
The Surgeons Superintendent of Convicts Ships are particularly
desired to notice, that they will be required to render a regular
Sick Book, with the Journal, and the Nosological Synopsis now added
thereto, in a complete and Scientific state, together with a
Certificate from the Medical Storekeeper at Deptford, as to the
condition and number of their Surgical Instruments, in all respects
the same as is employed in King's Ships, agreeably to the new
Instructions for the Service Afloat, and that in the event of any
failure in these particulars, the Certificates necessary from this
Department, to entitle them to receive their Pay and Allowances will
be withheld, W. Burnett, Physician General.
The guard consisted of Captain Patrick Plunkett of 80th regiment,
Ensign Needham, 50th regiment and twenty nine rank and file of the
80th regiment with their wives and families, four boys of the 4th
regiment. Passengers Mrs. Plunkett and four children and Miss
The Lloyds departed the Downs on
23 March 1837. David Watson kept a detailed Medical Journal from 9th
March 1837 to 24 July 1837..............
|It is evident from the
preceding journal that all the cases which occurred during
the voyage were of a trivial nature and not calculated to
call forth any particular observations in this place.
I have been obliged to include under some heads
diseases, which certainly do not partake of the severity of
symptoms to be expected from their names. Thus under the
head Phlogosis, an ordinary bilious attack has to be
considered as hepatitis; a pain in the side or in the chest
- Enteritis and Pneumonia respectively. There were prominent
symptoms, but not so severe as to merit these names.
There were many cases which were relieved by a single
dose of medicine. Several cases of itch occurred on board
originating among and chiefly confined to the guard. They
were all cured by the use of the preparation of sulphur.
There were also many more small ulcers and boils but too
trifling to put on the list.
Upon the whole it may
be said that there was very little sickness. Although
Cephalalgia has no place in Cullen's Nosology, I have felt
myself obliged to introduce it and rank under this head many
cases which occurred in which this was the prominent symptom
and sometimes the only symptom of disease that could be
detected. Many of the cases were of that variety which has
been called Gravedo - generally in the catarrhal cases - the
others were from irregularities in eating, imperfect
digestion and Cathartics always succeeded.
saw and examined every convict under my charge I was present
at every muster and when wine lemonade was served with the
exception of two days, I heard every man answer to his name
and made them cross the deck before in rotation and have
thus often detected incipient diseases.....
Thirty six prisoners appeared on the Sick List in his journal.
Their illness ranged from abscesses, headaches, catarrh, ulcers,
pain in the side or chest and cut fingers. No deaths occurred.
hundred prisoners arrived in Port Jackson on 17 July 1837. More than
eighty of them were later assigned or lived in the Hunter Valley
region. Many were assigned to the
Agricultural Company on arrival.
was to depart Sydney for London via Twofold Bay (for oil) and Hobart
on 3rd September 1837.
Notes & Links:
David Watson was also surgeon on the
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Lloyds in 1837
Detachments of the 80th
regiment arrived the
Lady Kennaway, Lloyds,
Bengal Merchant, Asia,