Convict Ship Sophia 1829
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(Convicts and passengers from this
Select from the Links
below to find information about Convict Ships arriving in New South Wales,
Norfolk Island and Van Diemen's Land between the years 1788 and 1850.
Embarked: 192 men
Voyage: 124 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Vittoria arrived 17 January 1829
Ferguson arrived 26 March 1829
Captain Thomas Elley
Follow the Irish Convict Ship
|The convicts of
the Sophia came from counties throughout Ireland- Armagh,
Sligo, Dublin, Kildare etc., and also some soldiers from England who
were deserters. Among their ranks were weavers, pedlars, grooms,
bakers, boatmen and sawyers.
The Guard for the convicts
consisted of 28 men of the 39th and 63rd regiments, five women and
four children under orders of Major Thomas Poole and Lieut. Bell.
They were ordered for embarkation at Deptford on 2nd July 1828.
Cabin Passengers included Mrs. Poole and three Misses Eliza, Maria
and Caroline Bell, sisters of Lieutenant Bell.
Select here to find other convict ships
bringing detachments of the 39th regiment to New South Wales.
Other convict ships bringing detachments of the 63rd
regiment included Vittoria,
Waterloo and Sarah.
The Sophia was the next vessel
to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of
the City of
Edinburgh in June 1828. The Sophia departed
Dublin on 15th September 1828.
Alick Osborne kept a Medical
Journal from 7 June 1828 to 25 January 1829........
soldier, Thomas Ault aged 23 died from phthisis, and two prisoners
also died - Peter Hoey, aged 86. Hoey had two sons and a son in law
on the vessel and although he was old and infirm and surgeon Osborne
'had little hope of landing him', he could not refuse the old man's
request. Hoey was put on the sick list on 19th September and died on
21st December 1828; Peter Hanagan, aged 40 according to Osborne, was
labouring under great mental depression, absolutely broken hearted
and devoid of all energy, and died 9 January 1829.
were a few cases of scurvy which appeared early in the voyage
thought to be due to the diet in the Hulk. The symptoms soon
disappeared when the vessel got out to sea and a diet of preserved
meat, cooked daily and made into a broth was served up.
Sophia arrived in Port Jackson on 17th January 1829 and the
convicts were mustered on board by Colonial Secretary Alexander
McLeay on 21st September 1829. Alex Osborne had the gratification to
see it remarked in the Sydney Gazette of the state of robust health
of the convicts who were landed from the Sophia
Notes & Links:
1). Hunter Valley bushranger Robert
Chitty arrived as a convict on the Sophia. Robert Chitty
was employed as a constable near Norah Head
in the 1830's. He later joined with others to form the
JewBoy gang (bushrangers). He was
executed in 1841.
Patrick Feeney was only seventeen years old when he arrived in
1829. He died a horrible death at the hands of an executioner two
years later having been found guilty of bushranging and robbing
settler Hugh Cameron.
Owen Owens was another executed for colonial crimes.
William John Whitelaw (Whitla)
arrived on the Sophia, having been tried in Antrim.....William
John Whitla, for knowingly having in his possession a forged Bank of
Ireland note - The prisoner pleaded guilty; 14 years transportation.
(This is the same person who is charged with stealing last summer,
two bank post bills, for £100 each, from the trunk of Mr. Trottter,
who had lodgings at the time in the house of the prisoner's father
at Ardglass. This depraved young man had been educated as a surgeon,
by his father who is a respectable retired Clergyman) - Belfast
Newsletter - 1 April 1828. William Whitla was later employed as a
surgeon in Maitland.
surgeons in the Hunter Valley included
Henry Turner Harrington,
John Waugh Drysdale,
George Bridge Mullins,
Thomas Parmeter and
3). Michael Sheals, for an assault on John Downey; also for
stealing from him 7s6d in Belfast, on 18th November last. Guilty;
transportation for life. - Belfast Newsletter 1 April 1828
4). Dublin - Commission - Last Day - Yesterday, Mr.
Justice Moore and Mr. Justice Vandeleur took their seats on the
Bench at the usual hour. There was no case of any interest tried
during the day. The following are the sentences: James Abbott, James
Rielly or Wall, and John Kennedy or Martin - Assault and highway
robbery of 2 ½d. Sentence of death recorded. Christopher Creighton
and Edward Scott - Burglary and felony. Death recorded - When
Creighton heard the sentence, he exclaimed, against the Judge, "May
God d - n you, and bad luck to you," and then walked into the dock,
uttering the most horrible imprecations on the Judges. - James
Browne and William Robinson - Cow stealing. Seven years'
transportation - William Grainger - Cow stealing. Seven years'
transportation. Patrick Quigly - Killing a cow. Sentence of death
recorded. - Freemans Journal - 8 January 1828
Osborne was also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
Lonach in 1825,
Speke in 1826,
Sarah in 1829,
Planter in 1832,
Fairlie in 1834,
Marquis of Huntley in
1835 and the Elphinstone
Find out more about Hunter Valley convicts / passengers of the Sophia
7). Return of Convicts of the
Sophia assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March
1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832; 5 July
||Ploughs etc. Assigned to James
Phillips at Hunter River
||Errand boy assigned to David
Johnson at Cook's River
||Ploughman assigned to William
McArthur at Camden
||Ploughman assigned to J. Harris at
Convict ships bringing detachments of the 39th regiment included the
William Sacheverell Coke
|Downs 6 May
|Cork 29 June
Thomas Edward Wright
Henry Clarence Scarman
George Meares Bowen
Countess of Harcourt
Quarter-master Benjamin Lloyd
|Dublin 2 June
|London 3 June