Colonial Events 1804

 

 

 

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John Macarthur granted 5,000 acres by Lord Camden, which he selected at the Cowpastures.

 

 

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A strong stone bridge replaced the earlier one over the Tank Stream

Convict artist John William Lancashire produced the watercolour 'View of Sydney taken from The Rocks'. The stone bridge of the Tank Stream is on the extreme right while Government House is centrally located.

 

 

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First Convicts to Van Diemen's Land

Search for convicts arriving 1804 - 1853 at Archives office of Tasmania

 

 

January ........

Assigned convicts became entitled to wages under certain conditions

 

 

February......

 

Arrival of Lieut-General Collins at Risdon Cove, Van Diemen's Land

Read more about early settlement in VDL

 

 

February......

First church service at Hobart by Rev. Robert Knopwood (1763- 1838)

More about Robert Knopwood

 

 

March......

 

Government brewery established at Parramatta although hops were in short supply and an experienced brewer had yet to be found.

Select here to read more about the first brewery in Parramatta

 

 

March 1.....

Governor King signifies his intention of re-opening Newcastle settlement

Historical Records of New South Wales,

Vol. V, King 1803, 1804, 1805. Edited by F. M. Bladen, Lansdowne Slattery & Company, Mona Vale, N.S.W.,1979, p.329.

Governor King to Lord Hobart 1st March 1804. {Extract)

In a former letter, I communicated my reasons for withdrawing the guard and people I had sent to Coal Harbour. Occasional supplies of coal and cedar for buildings are got from thence, both by Government and individuals. Should any fit person present himself for managing a settlement of that kind, I shall renew it immediately.

 

 

March 4......

 

 

Uprising at Castle Hill

Bloody battle . . . a painting by an unknown artist depicts the Battle of Vinegar Hill, where several hundred convicts broke out of Castle Hill prison farm to take on the British redcoats. Photo: National Library of Australia

Select here to read an account from the Sydney Gazette of the Convict Uprising at Castle Hill

 

 

 

 

March 5......

 

Roman catholic services banned and martial law proclaimed

 

 

March 8......

 

Three rebels executed at Parramatta -

Charles Hill, Samuel Humes (Hung in Chains) and John Place

 

 

March 9......

 

Three rebels executed at Castle Hill -

William Johnston (Hung in Chains), John Neale, George Harrington

 

 

March 10......

 

Two rebels executed at Sydney -

John Brannon and Timothy Hogan

 

March 14.......

Charles Menzies of HMS Calcutta offers his services as Superintendent at the new settlement at Coal River

Lieutenant Menzies correspondence to Governor King

 

 

March 15......

Charles Grimes appointed Surveyor General of N.S.W. on retirement of Augustus Alt

 

 

March 25......

General orders for the new settlement at Coal River

Instructions to Lieutenant Menzies

 

 

 

 

 

 

Example of the uniform of the Marines from a painting by Charles C. Stadden on the jacket of 'The First Fleet Marines 1786 - 1792' by John Moore (ISBN 0   7022   2065  5)

Lieutenant Menzies' uniform was perhaps similar to this although in 1802 a King's Order directed that the title of the Corps be changed to the 'Royal Marines'. As a consequence of the change of title, the facings were changed to ‘Royal’ blue rather than ‘Naval’ white, and the Officers’ lace was changed from silver to gold.

Lieutenant Menzies departed England in April 1803 on the 'Calcutta', under Captain Woodriff. Captain Daniel Woodriff was a British naval officer who first came to Australia in 1792 in command of the small convict and supply ship Kitty. In 1803 he was in command of HMS Calcutta, escorting David Collins on his expedition to establish a settlement at Port Phillip Bay.

March 30......

 

Settlement re- established at Hunter River under Lieutenant Charles Menzies. Participants in the Castle Hill rebellion including Thomas Brady were among convicts sent to the River on this day

Names of the convicts sent to Hunter River

 

 

April.......

Three men by the name of Broadbent, Johnson and James Field stole Sergeant Day's boat in Sydney with intention of sailing to Timor. They were wrecked 100 miles north of Port Stephens. Two were killed by natives and the third James Field turned himself in to the settlement at Newcastle.

Read about the ordeal of James Field here

 

 

May 7......

 

Earthquake felt at Parramatta, Hawkesbury

 

 

May 7......

 

Arrival of Coromandel at Port Jackson with 200 convicts. Master John Robinson

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Coromandel.

 

 

May......

 

First successful inoculation against small pox in Sydney

 

 

June......

 

 

Lieut. Colonel Paterson, N.S.W. Corps, to be sent by Gov. King to examine Port Dalrymple with a view to settlement (Did not leave until October because of inclement weather)

Present State of Van Diemen's Land Comprising an Account of Its Agricultural Capabilitiese etc By HenryWidowson

Text not available

 

 

 

June 24......

Arrival of convict ship Experiment.   

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Experiment.

 

 

June/ July......

Natives at Portland Head 'dispersed' by soldiers of the New South Wales Corp in consequence of hostility towards settlers........

The Hull Packet

26 February 1805

.....The natives in the neighbourhood of Portland Head had committed some enormities in consequence of which a detachment of the New South Wales Corps had been sent to the relief of the settlers. A few of the hostile natives having fallen, the remainder dispersed. "Since then" says a letter from Portland Head, "their rancour has greatly subsided, or, at all events its consequences have become much less injurious than before and many have signified a desire of returning to their accustomed habits, without which the wants peculiar to the savage state must be felt with increased severity, as well from the loss of the succour afforded them by the settlers as from the relaxation produced by a long state of dependence upon the bounty of their benefactors". The above proceedings took place in June and July lst, but at the date of the last accounts tranquility appeared to be completely restored.

 

 

June/ July.......

 

Severe Punishment of convicts at Coal River for their plans to murder Officers and escape from the Colony

 

 

1 August........


Charles Throsby appointed to medical duty and Magistrate at Newcastle

September......

 

Many convicts and half the military detachment withdrawn from Norfolk Island

 

 

November......

 

Attempt to cross the Blue Mountains by George Caley .

George Caley arrived on the Speedy in 1800. He joined the Hunter River Expedition in 1801.

Read about Caley's 1804 expedition at 'The Botanists Way'

 

 

November......

 

In 1804 cedar getters sent up the Hunter river lived under difficult and dangerous conditions.

Read Lieutenant Menzies' correspondence regarding these early expeditions

 

 

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Arrival of Richard Siddons on the English whaler Alexander (Hunter Valley land owner and Sydney lighthouse keeper)

 

 

December 20......

 

Death of Provost Marshal Thomas Smyth

 

 

December 27......

Death of pickpocket George Barrington.

The Life of George Barrington

 

 

 

 

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