Colonel William Paterson was administrator of the colony from 9 January to 31 December 1809.
The first Presbyterian church in Colony was built at Ebenezer on Hawkesbury River in 1809
- Rev. Robert Cartwright appointed senior Assistant Chaplain, N.S.W January
- Lieutenant William Lawson proceeded to Newcastle on the Estramina to take over the settlement as Commandant. He was accompanied by Charles Throsby
(SG 22 January 1809). Select here to read of their eventful journey to Newcastle
- Arrival of Aeolus
convict ship. Master Robert Addie. Surgeon Richard Hughes
- William Bligh to Hobart. John Macarthur and Major Johnston sail to England to present their case.
- First post office established in the Colony - 'The Lieutenant Governor, in order to prevent the practice of such frauds in future, has been pleased to establish an office at which all parcels and letters addressed to the inhabitants of this colony shall be deposited, previous to their distribution
' - Sydney Gazette
- Isaac Nichols who arrived as a convict on the Admiral Barrington
in 1791 was proclaimed the colony's first postmaster.
- Lieutenant-Colonel Lachlan Macquarie appointed Governor of New South Wales....
27 April 1809 -
The King has been pleased to appoint lieutenant-Colonel Lachlan Macquarie of his Majesty's 73rd regiment of foot, to be Governor and commander in Chief in and over His Majesty's settlement of New South Wales and its dependencies
. (London Gazette 4 May 1809)
- The Factory at Parramatta
was re-established under the direction of Mr. Benjamin Barrow, and was open for the reception of Wool and Flax for the Fabrication of Woollen and Linen Cloth on the same Terms as when under the Superintendence of the late Mr. Mealmaker.
- Departure of the Hindostan
, Captain Pasco, and the Dromedary Captain Pritchard, from Portsmouth with a detachment of the 73rd regiment and Governor Macquarie and his family on board. Joseph Arnold
surgeon on the Hindostan
- Record floods at the Hawkesbury river
- Court-martial of Garrett Armstrong
(Deserter from NSW Corp - sent to Newcastle)
- Arrival of Experiment
from Cork with 60 female convicts.
- Heavy flooding at the Hunter River with a rise of ten to twelve feet from the usual level. The Sydney Gazette reported that ' such was the rapidity of the efflux as to occasion a fresh of water so far as the extremity of Port Stephens which is about 30 miles north from the mouth of the River.' (Sydney Gazette 13 August 1809)
- Arrival of Convict transport Boyd
- The first detachment of the 73rd Regiment arrived in New South Wales on board the convict transport Boyd
. Three officers. Captain Cameron and Lieutenant John Pike
and Lieutenant Thomas Wright. 137 male convicts, 5 having died on the passage out (HRA., Series 1., Vol.VII, p.175)
- Arrival of Rev. William Cowper in Sydney
- Arrival of the Indispensable
, Captain Best. Newcastle surgeon William Evans
arrived on the Indispensable as surgeon superintendent
- William Evans appointed colonial surgeon
- Crew of the ship Boyd murdered by cannibals at New Zealand
- Lieutenant Wright appointed Commandant at Newcastle in the temporary absence of William Lawson
- The New South Wales Corps to be replaced by 73rd regiment.
- Absconders from Newcastle re-captured. The Estramina in from Hunter’s River on Wednesday, having taken on board in Broken Bay two persons who had effected an overland escape from King’s Town, and who were in a truly deplorable condition, having been stripped naked and treated severely by the natives, and had been a prey to famine during the travel they had so rashly undertaken, conscious at the same time that they could reap no advantage whatsoever from a rashness which was certain of exposing them to danger and vicissitude. As soon as landed they were lodged in confinement, and the ‘Lady Nelson’ sailing for the Settlement from whence they had absconded the day following, they were put on board to be returned
. - Sydney Gazette 10 December 1809
- Arrival of the Hindostan
with a battalion of 73rd Regiment in Sydney with Major General Lachlan Macquarie. The New South Corps was replaced by the 73rd regiment.- Governor Macquarie's correspondence to Viscount Castlereagh
- Arrival in Sydney of Ellis Bent, judge advocate of NSW on the Hindostan