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Colonial Events 1800

 

 

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January  February  March  April  May June  July  August  September  October  November  December

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

Captain John Hunter Governor of Australia until September 1800

 

 

January 11......

 

 

Arrival of the convict ship Minerva from Ireland. Master Joseph Salkeld.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Minerva

 

 

February 16......

 

 

Arrival of the convict ship Friendship. Master Hugh Reed.

Select HERE to find out more information about the voyage of the Friendship

Text not availableDavid Collins' description of the convicts of the Friendship

 

 

March.......

Hawkesbury River in Flood

 

 

April 15......

Arrival of botanist George Caley and Lieutenant Governor King and family on the Speedy

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Speedy

 

 

June 26......

 

Major Joseph Foveaux appointed acting Lieutenant governor Norfolk Island

 

 

July......

Entrance to Lake Macquarie discovered by William Reid when he confused the entrance to the lake for Newcastle harbour. The lake was known for many years as 'Reid's Mistake'.

Find out more about William Reid and the Martha

 

 

July 9......

 

The Ann departed Cork 26 June 1800. Master James Stewart.

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Ann

 

 

August - September...

 

 

Irish Conspiracy uncovered. The plan was to overturn the government by putting Governor King to Death and confining Governor Hunter. The rebels were to meet at and take Parramatta and then before day light take the Barracks at Sydney. And afterwards to live on the Farms of the Settlers until they heard from France where they had intended to dispatch a ship. The rebels were well armed with pikes and were to be joined by soldiers who it was planned would take the guns to South Head and other places of security. When the plan was revealed, Governor Hunter ordered an enquiry.

Governor Hunter's Order for enquiry into the Irish conspiracy

 

 

August - September...

 

Irish Conspiracy quashed

Correspondence from Port Jackson to England in October 1800

 

 

September ......

 

Governor King established a system of Fees and Assessments to which all masters of English or foreign merchant vessels arriving at Port Jackson were liable. This revenue from imported goods was the beginning of a 'Custom's House' in the colony

 

September 28....

 

Governor John Hunter embarked on the HMS Buffalo. Captain Philip Gidley King assumed administration of colony. Rev. Richard Johnson also returned to England on the Buffalo

Lieutenant Philip Gidley King. National Archives of Australia

 

 

September 28....

Examples of flora and fauna sent to England on the HMS Buffalo

John Hunter took 'many curiosities'  back to England amongst which were three black swans (Caledonia Mercury 4 June 1801) and three emus (David Collins)

In this month a joey was produced by the kangaroo taken to England some months before (Morning Chronicle 10 March 1801)

Read more in Governor King's correspondence to Sir Joseph Banks

 

September 28....

Surgeon of the Buffalo, Martin Mason appointed assistant to principal surgeon of colony

More about Martin Mason at Newcastle in 1801

 

 

October 1......

 

Purchase of Orphan Institution

Governor King's reasons for the need of the Orphan Institution

 

 

October 19.......

 

Departure from France of Nicolas Baudin on the 30-gun corvettes, La Gêographe and La Naturaliste. Louis Claude Desaulces de Freycinet  joined this expedition which, was commissioned by the French government, as surveyor.

Read more  about Nicholas Baudin at 'Encounter 1802 - 2002'

 

 

November...... In November, 1800, Governor King was much concerned to hear of the piratical seizure of the Government decked boat Norfolk, of 25 ton, laden with 500 bushels of wheat, by a gang of 15 desperate convicts, who had boarded her in Broken Bay on her voyage to Port Jackson from the Hawkesbury in October. The runaways proposed proceeding to the Dutch settlements among the Moluccas, and on their voyage there they called in at the Hunter River, where their vessel was driven on shore, and they seized a small vessel belonging to one of the Sydney traders. Find out more about the seizure of the Norfolk here


November 6.....

Arrival of the Porpoise with four tons of 1 oz., 1797 dated cartwheel pennies struck by Matthew Boulton.

'Proclamation penny'

 Read more here

 

 

November 20.....

Arrival of the convict ship Royal Admiral. 

Select HERE to find out more about the voyage of the Royal Admiral

 

November 30.....

Death of Judge Advocate Richard Dore

 

 

December.....

 

 

Arrival of James Grant on the Lady Nelson.

Sailed through Bass Strait, the first ship direct from England to do so.

 

 

 

December.....

 

Richard Atkins appointed Judge Advocate

 

 

 

   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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