Colonial Events 1823
Treadmill introduced to Carter's Barracks by 1823
Responsibility for allocation of convict labour assumed by Colonial Secretary instead of Superintendent of Convicts
Gregory Blaxland awarded silver medal for first wine exported in bulk to London
JanuaryGovernor Brisbane visited Newcastle - His Excellency Sir Thomas Brisbane accompanied by Major Goulburn, Colonial Secretary, embarked on board His Majesty's brig Satellite on the forenoon of Thursday last, under the usual honorary salutes. Captain Currie presently got his vessel under weigh; and, in the course of the afternoon, the Satellite cleared the Heads. His Excellency will only remain a few days at Newcastle when, we understand he will return to Headquarters.
January 1Distilling of spirits permitted
January 5Death at Annandale of George Johnston, former Lieut-Colonel of 102nd regt.
FebruaryDiscovery of gold at Fish River near Bathurst by surveyor James McBrien
FebruaryVessel 'Calder' wrecked near Newcastle
William Worth's account of the disaster
Sea Grave Yard
February 27Arrival of the convict ship Lord Sidmouth with female prisoners
MarchSaxe Bannister appointed first Attorney General in New South Wales
MarchAgricultural settlement established at Wellington Valley by Percy Simpson, soldiers and convicts
MarchRoad from Richmond to Wallis Plains opened for droving
MarchThird and final report The State of Agriculture and Trade in the Colony of New South Wales issued by Commissioner Bigge
March 4Arrival of the Surry with 157 male prisoners
March 11Arrival of the convict ship Princess Royal with 154 male prisoners.
March 19Death of convict lawyer George Crossley, Pitt St. Sydney aged 75 years
AprilTicket of leave convicts John Finnegan, Thomas Pamphlet and Richard Parsons shipwrecked on Moreton Island after being blown off course while sailing from Sydney to Illawarra
April 11Arrival of the convict ship Brampton
MayArrival of John Dunmore Lang in Sydney
MayMonaro district explored by Capt. Mark Currie and Major John Ovens
JuneThe Murrumbidgee river discovered by Captain Currie and Major Ovens
JunePandora's Pass through the Liverpool Range found by botanist Allan Cunningham
JuneJames Mitchell appointed assistant surgeon at Sydney Hospital
June 18Arrival of settler John Earl with wife and family on the Thalia
June 25Arrival of convict ship Woodman with 94 female prisoners
JulyAct of British Parliament passed which set up a Legislative council in NSW
July 30Arrival of the convict ship Recovery
AugustJames McClymont and his wife Nancy, Rev. J.D. Lang, John Larnach, Beresford Hudson and Henry Hewitt arrived in Van Diemen's Land on board the ship Andromeda
AugustRegular service between Sydney and Newcastle established by cutter Eclipse.
August 19Arrival of Hunter Valley settlers John Eales and John Cobb in Hobart on board the Francis
August 26Arrival of 3rd Regiment (Buffs). To replace 48th Regiment
August 26Arrival of the convict ship Henry. Surgeon Superintendent Dr. Thomas Davis RN. Master - Captain Thatcher.
AugustArrival of the convict ship Ocean with male prisoners
SeptemberRoyal Veteran Company disbanded
SeptemberArrival of Hunter Valley settler Edward G. Cory passenger on the Allies
SeptemberDiscovery of a new route across the Blue Mountains from Richmond to Cox's River by Archibald Bell junior. This became known as the Bell's Line of Road. It was planned that the lately disbanded Veteran corp were to be settled along this line.
September 9Arrival of convict ship Earl St. Vincent
OctoberJohn Oxley leaves Sydney on the cutter Mermaid to assess Port Curtis, Moreton Bay and Port Bowen
October 13New Supreme Court of NSW constituted. Letters Patent sealed, known as Third Charter of Justice (Court opened May 1824)
October 16The Sydney Gazette reported that all but 50 prisoners had been removed from the Newcastle penal settlement to Port Macquarie.
October 18Arrival of the convict ship Mary . Captain Steel.
NovemberVessel Mars 30 ton sloop built at Newcastle
NovemberExploration of Brisbane River by John Oxley
December 16Arrival of the convict ship Isabella
December 29Arrival of the Medina convict ship. Captain Robert Brown. Surgeon John Rodmell.
DecemberCaptain Henry Gillman appointed Magistrate at Newcastle