Convict Ship Castle Forbes 1824
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between the years 1788 and 1850
Embarked: 140 men
Voyage: 109 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
vessel: Medina arrived 29
Guildford arrived 5 March 1824
Master John. W. Ord.
the Irish Convict Ship Trail
Forbes was built at Aberdeen in 1818. (1)This was the second of
two voyages bringing convicts to Australia, the first being in
Some of the convicts to be transported on the Castle
Forbes in 1824 had been convicted of offences under the Insurrection
Limerick 5th July 1823...The following were
convicted on the clearest of evidence....James Keefe, from the
county Cork and could not account why he was found at Cappa, where
several outrages have been committed. Edmond Burke and Edmond James
Burke, for tendering an unlawful oath to Edmond McNamara, of Clonoul,
near Cappa, whose house was since consumed by the insurgents.
Patrick Nash, Thomas Nash, John Kilroy, Michael Hartney, John
Fitzgerald, and Thomas Carmody, for being absent from their
It appeared in evidence, that they were concerned in
attacking John King's house at Ballyalline, on the 17th May and
cruelly flogging the inmates and destroying their furniture. The
foregoing were sentenced to seven years transportation and were
instantly dispatched on their route to Cork, attended by the bitter
lamentations of their friends. (1)
Forbes was the next convict ship to leave Ireland for New South
Wales after the departure of the
earlier in September. She departed Cork 28th September
The Guard comprised a detachment of the 40th under
orders of Lieut. John Richardson which including the women and
children amounted to 56 persons.
Lieutenant-Colonel William Balfour
of the 40th regiment also arrived on the Castle Forbes.
The 40th regiment had been serving
Following is an excerpt from
Historical Records of the 40th (2nd Somersetshire)
Regiment By Raymond Henry Raymond Smythies listing
the ships that brought detachments of the 40th regiment
to New South Wales in 1823 and 1824..........
Early in March 1823, the commanding officer,
Lieutenant-Colonel Thornton received an intimation that
it was intended to send the regiment to New South Wales.
In the meantime it was ordered to proceed to Dublin,
thence by sea to Liverpool, and after that by road to
Chatham, in order to form guards for convict ships when
The head quarters
reached Dublin on 15th March and occupied the Royal
Barracks. On the 30th the whole regiment embarked at
Pigeon House, in eight small vessels, and reached
Liverpool the following day.
A twenty eight days'
march, including three Sundays, brought the regiment to
Chatham. The Regiment marched in three divisions; the
first arrived at Chatham on 21st April; the second,
consisting of two companies, halted, and remained at
Deptford; and the 3rd reached Chatham on 23rd April.
During the next year the 40th was sent out, in small
detachments, as guards on board convict ships to
Australia. This was after several years' rough service
in Ireland, and but a short period of rest in
|25th April 1823||Lieutenant Lowe
|5th July 1823
|10th July 1823
|18th July 1823
||Sir Godfrey Wilestoe
|29 July 1823
|31st July 1823
|5 August 1823
||Lt.- Col. Balfour
|29 December 1823
|5th February 1824
|25 February 1824
Countess of Harcourt
|14 June 1824
||Lt.- Col Thornton
|14 June 1824
Other ships bringing detachments of the 40th regiment included
Ann & Amelia.
Matthew Anderson kept a Medical Journal from 29 July 1823 to
19 January 1824. The chief cause of complaint amongst the convicts
was diarrhoea and dysentery. There were a few cases of scurvy which
the surgeon treated with lemon Juice and sugar. (3)
Castle Forbes arrived in Port Jackson on 19th January 1824, a
voyage of 109 days. One hundred and thirty-nine male prisoners were
landed, one prisoner having died on the passage - Martin Cavenagh
had been severely beaten while in the Depot at Cork which the
surgeon considered contributed to his death.
Anderson was also surgeon on the convict ships
Surry in 1819, Mangles
in 1820 and the
Notes and Links:
Convict Michael Halpin was on a
Colonial Office list of thirteen people who applied for their
families sent to New South Wales.........
bushranger Patrick Riley who arrived on the Castle Forbes
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Castle Forbes in
4). William Ahern was convicted at Cork on 18
August 1823 and sentenced to 7 years transportation. He Married
Judith McCarthy and died at Upper Picton October 1874.
Ticket of Leave belonging to William Anson
Political Prisoners and
7). Return of Convicts of the Castle
Forbes assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832
(Sydney Gazette 5 July 1832).....
Edward Reardon. Indoor
servant assigned to Henry Drinkwater at Sydney
8). Obituary of Lieut- Col.
National Archives - Reference: ADM 101/16/6 Description: Diary
of the convict ship Castle Forbes, from 29 July 1823 to 19 January
1824 by Matthew Anderson, surgeon and superintendent, during which
time the said ship sailed from Cork to New South Wales.
1. Freeman's Journal 10 July 1823
2. Bateson, Charles & Library of Australian History (1983). The
convict ships, 1787-1868 (Australian ed). Library of Australian
History, Sydney : pp.344-345, 384
3. Ancestry.com. UK, Royal Navy Medical
Journals, 1817-1857 [database on-line].
Provo, UT, USA: Ancestry.com Operations,
Inc., 2011. Original data: Admiralty and
predecessors: Office of the Director General
of the Medical Department of the Navy and
predecessors: Medical Journals (ADM 101, 804
bundles and volumes). Records of Medical and
Prisoner of War Departments. Records of the
Admiralty, Naval Forces, Royal Marines,
Coastguard, and related bodies. The National
Archives. Kew, Richmond, Surrey.