This was the third of eleven
voyages of the
Surry bringing convicts to
Australia. She brought convicts to Australia in
and 1842 (VDL).
Surry was a
square-rigged transport ship. She had an overall length
of 117 ft. 6 ins., a breadth above the gunwales of 29
ft. 6 ins, and a draught, when loaded, of 18 ft. She was
copper-sheathed, and had quarter galleries, with a bust
of Minerva for a figurehead(1). The
National Library of Australia holds a sepia etching
of the Surry arriving in Sydney Harbour.
The Surgeon Matthew Anderson joined the
at Deptford on the 10th August 1818.
He kept a Medical Journal between 10th August 1818 and
30th April 1819.
On the 11th August
he inspected the cabin berths being fitted up by a party
of men from the dockyard. The ship's company were busy
fitting and cleaning the ship. On August 19th Richard
Partridge and his wife and John Foster came on board for
a passage to New South Wales. They were ordered to be
victualled at two thirds allowance.
of soldiers of the 84th regiment consisting of one
sergeant and thirty rank and file, two women and two
children under the Command of Lieut Henry Statham joined
the vessel on 24th August.
Other detachments of the 84th arrived on the
Stewart in 1818,
Lord Sidmouth in 1819 and the
Coromandel in 1820.
On 1st September, Mr. John
Terry with his wife Martha, daughters Margaret,
Anne, Mary, Sarah, Martha, Elizabeth and Jane; and sons
Grange, Thomas, Edward and Ralph and
a male servant were embarked for a passage to New South
They brought their own provisions and a pair of
Macquarie later wrote of him....Mr Terry, the Free
Settler whom you recommended to my good offices, arrived
here on board the Surry on the 4th of the present month.
He appears a good worthy man and I have no doubt he will
prove an acquisition to the Colony. You may rest assured
I shall be most happy to forward his views in every
reasonable way I can... (HRA, Series 1, Vol.X p.
141). John Burrell
also joined the vessel as a free passenger; and on 14th
September Elizabeth Cotton and her infant daughter embarked
as free passengers.
The shipwrights had finished fitting up the prison
by 5th September and the ship sailed to Woolwich where
they anchored in the evening. On 7th September the
prisoners began arriving from the Hulks. Twenty
five prisoners were received on board from the
Retribution hulk on Saturday 12th September 1819
and then 35 more from the
prisoners were in double irons.
drew up Regulations for the voyage:
1. The men were
to get up in the morning and clean the prison and have
their beds ready to take up on deck at 7.30am
Mondays and Fridays were days for washing clothes
On Wednesday and Saturdays the bottom boards of the
lower bed cabins were to be taken up on board and
4. No cards or dice or any kind of gambling
5. No smoking allowed below decks
Quarrelling and fighting to be considered as great
faults and any man having a complaint against another to
refer it immediately to the Officer of the Deck or the
7. Pilfering and stealing on being found to
8. The prisoners were not to insult in
any manner any Officer of the Ship or any of the Guard
or Ship's company, but to be particularly obedient
to the orders given them
9. A scheme of the mode of
victualing signed by Captain Young was put up in the
prison so that every man would know whether he had his
10. The prisoners were forbidden to
sell their clothing provided for the voyage.
Surry departed Sheerness on 19th September 1818
and arrived at Rio De Janeiro 11th December, departing
there in company with the
Sidmouth on 22 December.
were blowing from the East as the ship sailed up the
east coast of Australia on the night of the 3rd March
1819. They sighted Sydney harbour at 9.30am on 4 March
1819 and the surgeon remarked that the prisoners were in
high spirits. The voyage had taken 156 days.
2pm they came to anchor in Sydney Cove and Captain
Piper, Naval Officer came on board. On Friday 5th March
the weather was rainy with strong winds. On Monday 9th
March J.T. Campbell came on board and examined the
prisoners as to their treatment. Several prisoners were
discharged in Sydney on the 9th March - Edward Edwards,
Ralph Pratt, William Clarke, Michael Brignall, Thomas
Humphries, William Holford and Joseph Nedby. The Guard,
women and children, were disembarked on the 10th March.
Governor Macquarie recorded in his
Journal on Thursday 4. March 1819 -
between 1, and 2,O'Clock in the afternoon, anchored in
Sydney Cove, the Ship Surry, Commanded by Captain Thomas
Raine, with 157 Male Convicts from England, from whence
She sailed finally on the 17th. of October last,
touching at Rio de Janeiro, which she left on the 22d.
of December in Company with the Lord Sidmouth Male
Convict Ship for this Port. — Mr. Mathew Anderson of the
R. Navy is Surgeon Superintendent of the Surry; and a
Detachment of the 84th. Regt. of 30 men have come out as
the Guard over the Prisoners. — Lieut. Statham of the
84th. Regt., who Commanded the Guard, died on the
Passage; also one Soldier and three Convicts; – the rest
of the Troops & Convicts arriving all in good Health. —
Mr. Terry, his wife, & 11 children as Free Settlers and
also two Pensioners, are come out Passengers in the
and fifty prisoners were sent to Hobart on the 12th
March. They arrived at the Derwent on 17th March 1819
Surry sailed for England on Sunday
25th July 1819.
Governor Macquarie recorded the
departure in his
Journal......Sunday 25. July !!! Early this
morning having finally closed my Dispatches for the
Surry now on the eve of departure for England I
delivered those for the Secretary of State to the charge
of Ensign King, and those for the Commander in chief for
Lieut. Metge of the 48th. Regt., taking the most
particular care of them, both during the Voyage &
afterwards. The Ship Surry got under weigh at Noon and
got out clear of the Heads of Port Jackson by 2,O'Clock!
The Detachment of the 84th. Regt. under the command of
Capt. Rowe, the Discharged Soldiers of the 48th. Regt.,
Lieuts. Metge & Bunney and Ensign King of the same
Corps, Depy. Comy. Genl. Allan, his wife & Family, Mrs.
Mr. Edward Lord, and a great many other Passengers (–
including Mr. & Mrs. Hoskings & Family –) went Home in
the Surry. — Capt. Raine goes round Cape Horn – and
expects to arrive in England in Four Months.
Other Passengers returning to England included
Richard Underwood eldest son of Joseph Underwood;
Richard John Robinson, Mrs. Marr and son Charles; two
sons of Isaac Nichols; Mrs. Lang; Mrs. Naylor and a
number of other people including Gerald Hope who had
arrived on the Surry as a convict in
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the
Surry in 1819
Matthew Anderson was also employed as surgeon on the
convict ships Mangles
in 1822 and the
3). Lieutenant Henry Statham died later
in 1819...- Gentleman's Magazine
John Terry (1771-1844), pioneer, was baptized on 17
March 1771, the son of John Terry of The Mill, Redmire,
Yorkshire, England, in which county the family had also
milling and other interests at Bedale, Forcett and
Askrigg. On 12 July 1797 at Hornby he married Martha,
daughter of Thomas Powell, a farmer of Hunters Hill, and
for a number of years carried on the family business of
milling. In 1818, presumably because of economic
conditions, he left England for New South Wales,
arriving in Sydney in March 1819 with his family, in the
Turnbull, 'Terry, John (1771–1844)',
Australian Dictionary of Biography
(1). Bateson, Charles, The Convict Ships,