|Embarked: 191 men
Voyage: 140 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
vessel: Asia arrived 24 July 1822
Next vessel: Eliza arrived 22
Captain John Coghill
Irish Convict Ship Trail
This was the second of nine voyages of the
Mangles bringing convicts to Australia. The next voyage of the
Mangles was in 1824.
In 1821 the Mangles was the next convict ship to leave
Ireland after the departure of the
Correspondence dated 13 June 1822 from Dr. Edward
Trevor, Cove of Cork, to William H. Gregory, Under Secretary of Ireland,
Dublin Castle, reported on examination of convicts on board ship
Mangles bound for New South Wales, Australia - included is a copy
of a letter from surgeon Matthew Anderson to Dr. Trevor, acknowledging
receipt of various articles for use of prisoners on voyage which include
‘two Gallons of Ink’ 190 combs and ‘Twelve Spelling Books’ -
‘The only thing we now require is Two copies of some book on
Arithmetic which many of our Convicts are desirous of making themselves
acquainted with’. ....Chief
Secretary's Office Registered Papers.
The Mangles departed
Cork on 21st June 1822, called at Rio de Janeiro and was there at the
same time as the Caledonia.
She departed Rio with a fresh supply of food and vegetables on 1st
September 1822 and arrived in Port Jackson on 8th November 1822 with 190
prisoners. One man had died of epilepsy on the voyage out.
guard consisted of a detachment of the 3rd regiment., (Buffs) under
command of Major Charles W. Wall together with a Captain and Lieutenant.
Other ships bringing detachments of the 3rd regiment included the
bringing detachments of the 3rd regiment included the
The detachment of the 3rd regiment (Buffs) that arrived by the
Mangles, disembarked on the 8th November and were marched to
their quarters in the Barrack square.
Passengers included Mrs.
Charles Wall, Mrs. John Cogill,
Mr & Mrs Timothy Nowlan and child;
Mr & Mrs Percy Simpson 2 children 7 servants;
William Buchanan, Assistant Engineer.
Timothy Nowlan brought 30 merino rams with him on the Mangles.
The Governor Sir Thomas Brisbane came to Town on Tuesday 12th
November. About one o'clock he inspected the prisoners who had been
landed in the morning when he found their general appearance
portrayed the kind treatment they had experienced during the voyage.
His Excellency returned to Parramatta in the afternoon.
Matthew Anderson kept a Medical Journal from 23 February - 12 November
Matthew Anderson was
also employed as surgeon on the convict ships
Surry in 1819,
Mangles in 1820 and
the Castle Forbes
Notes and Links:
Ireland leading to the Insurrection Act 1822 with information about men
who arrived on the Mangles .....by Frank Murray
Men of the Mangles 1822 - The Old Limerick Journal by Valerie
Hunter Valley convicts and passengers arriving on the Mangles in 1822
4). Political Prisoners
5). Voyages of the convict ship Mangles included those in
Percy Simpson - Australian Dictionary of Biography
Convict's Letter to his Wife...
The following is an
authentic copy of a genuine letter sent by a convict to his wife, now a
prisoner in Armagh: June the 2nd 1822
received your last letter, dated the 21st of March, and my reason for
not answering it was wating to I would have a full account of what would
happen me; but now I can inform you that I am on bord the convict ship
in the Cove of Cork, bound for Botaney Bay, which I am not sorry at; all
that grieves me is the parting of you, and I would give all ever I seen
to have you transported along with me. When your time is up, my advise
to you is to not lave the town of Armagh to you will do something that
will have you sent after me; you will have my blessing night and morning
if you do that - and as Ireland has turned out so bad, and nothing but
hunger and hardship in it, you need not be sorry to leave it. Thanks be
to God, my mind never was contenter in my life, for my hart if broke
with confinement, and I have every promise to do well when I reach the
other side. The ship I am in has the best comendations for pashaners,
and is kept so clane that is a pleasure to be in her; and the different
officers on bord gives every well behaved man heer every indulgence. We
are trated very well in regard of alowance, and will be better when we
set out to sail. I dont expect to get as much hardship to I gow to
Butney Bay as I get coming from Dublin heer. Dont be afraid of not
seeing me when you reach the other side; but if you wish to come, mind
the ship's name and the time that I was sent away, and the Governor,
when you reach the other side, will have you sent to me. There is one
hundred and ninety convicts to gow over in this ship, and gentlemen and
ladys that is paying there passage, and is in a part of the buy
themselves. White to me as fast as you get this, for I think that we
will not sail to there will be an answer back; and give my love to
Robert Boulter, and send another letter with him to the other side. Give
me all you know. No more from your loving husband to death. Direct your
letter as follows: To the care of Mr Sargent, bord of the Mangles, Cove
of Cork, for..... .....convict from the County of Tyrone. My blessing
and God's blessing be with you and remain with you to I have the
pleasure of seeing you in the other side, I will direct all my letters
that I will send to you to the care of James Robinson Monaghan.
(Belfast Newsletter 25 June 1822)
8). Major Charles William Wall
transferred from the 35th Battalion to the 3rd Battalion......
He became Commandant at Bathurst.....Lieutenant Colonel Charles
William Wall, a Waterloo veteran, succeeded Lieutenant John Fennell as
Commandant in September 1826 and held office until 1829. When the land
on the west bank of the Macquarie was thrown open to settlement in that
year he acquired a large grant of 2560 acres, adjoining General
Stewart's Mount Pleasant estate on its 'western boundary, which he named
'Whislow', and upon which he formed an extensive establishment. He was a
district magistrate from 1826 to 1836 when he removed to Parramatta
National Advocate 2 September 1936
Return of Convicts of the Mangles assigned between 1st January
1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832;
28 June 1832).....
||Waiter assigned to Andrew Gibson at
||Soldier assigned to
George Townshend at