Colonial Events 1819
William Charles Wentworth published A statistical, historical, and political description of the colony of New South Wales, and its dependent settlements in Van Diemen's Land
Convict James Hardy Vaux, published first slang dictionary - 'Vocabulary of the Flash Language' - Australia's first dictionary - compiled while Vaux was at Newcastle. A forerunner of Australian Slang
Carters Barracks, designed by Francis Greenway, opened in 1819 (Situated at Brickfields Hill on site of present day Central Railway Station)
New Female Factory at Parramatta designed by Francis Greenway.
Read a description of the Female Factory at Parramatta in the 'Report of the Commissioner of Inquiry into the state of the Colony of New South Wales' (J.T. Bigge) - State Library of NSW
January 4Arrival of the convict ship Tyne. Master Cassey Bell. Surgeon Superintendent Henry Ryan.
January 8Arrival in the colony of Hunter Valley land owner John Gaggin passenger on the convict ship Globe Captain Joseph Blyth. Surgeon Superintendent George Clayton
March 4Arrival of convict ship Surry. Surgeon Superintendent Matthew Anderson
March 11Arrival of convict ship Lord Sidmouth Jackson. Surgeon Archibald Lang
April / MayExploration of the country from Moss Vale to Bathurst by Charles Throsby - Commenced expedition on 25th April 1819 passing through Cowpastures and arriving 9th May at the Hut of Lieut. Lawson on the Campbell River a short distance from Bathurst. Accompanied by John Rowley and two servants - Sydney Gazette
MayPhillip Parker King - investigation of north west coast
May 13Death of convict Margaret Catchpole. Find more famous convicts here
May 24Birth of Queen Victoria
June 4Hyde Park Barracks first occupied. Accommodation for 600 convicts
June 4Appointment of Major George Druitt, 48th Regiment as Chief Engineer of Roads N.S.W.
June 17NSW Savings Bank opened by Robert Campbell in Sydney
June 26Arrival of convict ship Baring. Master John Lamb. Surgeon Superintendent David Reid.
August 12Captain James Morisset of 48th Regt., appointed Major
August 25Arrival of convict ship Bencoolen. Master Joseph Antice. Surgeon Superintendent William Evans.
August 26Arrival of convict ship Mary. Master John Lusk. Surgeon Superintendent John Morgan
September 1Arrival of convict ship Canada The Canada departed London 23 April 1819 and arrived 1 Sept. 1819
SeptemberArrival in Sydney of Commissioner John Thomas Bigge - appointed to conduct an enquiry into various aspects of the administration of the Colony. Read Extracts from Commissioner Bigge's Inquiry Relating to Transportation, Disembarkation and Servitude
September 21Arrival of the convict ship Daphne. Master Hugh Mattison. Surgeon Superintendent Robert Armstrong
September 26Arrival of the convict ship John Barry. Captain Stephenson Ellerby. Surgeon Superintendent James Bowman
October 7Foundation stone of St. James' church laid by Governor Macquarie
OctoberColonial brig Princess Charlotte, built at Hunter's River, arrived in Port Jackson
October 16Arrival of surgeon George Brooks on vessel David Shaw
October 19Arrival of convict ship Atlas, Captain Joseph Short. Surgeon Superintendent John Duke RN
October 21Arrival of convict ship Grenada, Master Andrew Donald. Surgeon Superintendent Emanuel Lazaretto
October 25D'arcy Wentworth replaced as principal colonial surgeon by James Bowman
October 25Expedition by John Howe overland from Windsor to Hunter River NSW. Accompanied by George Loder junior, Benjamin Singleton, Daniel Phillips, Jeremiah Butler, Andrew Loder, Philip Thorley, Thomas Dargin, William Millwood, Nicholas Connelly, John Eggleton and Charles Berry
October 30Arrival of convict ship Malabar Captain William Ascough. Surgeon Superintendent Evan Evans
November 1Death of Sydney harbour master/ lighthouse keeper Robert Watson
November 8Death of postmaster Isaac Nichols who had arrived on the Admiral Barrington in 1791.
November 15George Paton appointed Postmaster for the colony
November 20George Brooks appointed assistant surgeon
December 17Arrival of convict ship Minerva. Captain John Bell. Surgeon Superintendent Charles Queade
December 17Arrival of convict ship Recovery. Captain William Fotherly. Surgeon Peter Cunningham.
DecemberCaptain Louis Claude Desaulses De Freycinet on the L'Urainie on a voyage of discovery arrived in Sydney. Following a week of celebrations, Monsieur and Madame Freycinet entertained the Officers of the colony on board the Uranie before departing
Narrative of a Voyage Round the World, in the Uranie and Physicienne Corvettes, Commanded by Captain Freycinet, During the Years 1817, 1818, 1819, and 1820 By Jacques Arago, Jaques Etienne Victor Arago