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Convict Ship Borodino 1828 

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Embarked 200 men
Voyage 152 days
Deaths 0
Surgeon's Journal - Yes
Tons: 615 Crew: 51
Previous vessel: Mangles arrived 2 June 1828
Next vessel: Phoenix arrived 14 July 1828
Captain Richard Mentrup
Surgeon Superintendent George Thomson
Follow the Irish Convict Ship Trail
The prisoners of the Borodino came from districts throughout Ireland - Limerick, Cork, Kilkenny, Roscommon, Mayo, Kildare, Carlow and Meath etc. Their crimes ranged from petty stealing to manslaughter, rape and murder. There were also men who had been convicted of Whiteboy crimes.

The Borodino was the next convict ship to leave Ireland bound for New South Wales after the departure of the Morley in November 1827.

Cabin passengers included H. Thomson from England, free settler; Mrs. Aubin wife of Captain Aubin and 8 women and 11 children belonging to the troops. Steerage passengers included Patrick Carolan, son of a convict.

The Guard consisted of Captain Philip Aubin and Ensign Aubin of the 57th regiment, 48 men of the 57th and two of the Royal Veterans.  Select here to find convict ships bringing detachments of the 57th regiment.

George Thomson was previously employed as Surgeon-Superintendent on the England in 1826. He kept a Medical Journal on the Borodino from 4 December 1827 to 25 July 1828. The Borodino was reported to have reached the Cove of Cork in late January 1828 in order to embark her prisoners.

The Borodino departed Cork 11 February 1828.

In consequence of damage to the iron tiller on the 21st February during a severe gale of wind, the Borodino was obliged to put into Lisbon causing the voyage to be quite lengthy.

The Australian later reported on the violent storms that befell the Borodino....The latter end of February and part of March had been distinguished in Europe by violently tempestuous weather, productive of wreck and other devastation to an alarming extent. The Ann Amelia, a transport, having on board a large detachment of British Troops went down off the Coast of Portugal, and it is feared, few or no lives were saved from her. Dismasted, and otherwise damaged ships were every day arriving in the Port of Lisbon, in which were about three hundred sail of various nations, when the Borodino left. (1)

They departed Lisbon on 16th March 1828; by the time they reached Sydney the guard had been on board 232 days and the convicts 200 days. This resulted in extra expenditure of medicines and medical comforts and surgeon George Thomson was required to spend more time attending to the mens' health.

George Thomson's former voyage (the England) took 135 days and they sailed direct without touching anywhere. In consequence there was no scurvy or any other disease except trifling complaints on that voyage. On this voyage of the Borodino, although only one prisoner was confined with scurvy there were a number of others who had early symptoms of the disease and who required medical assistance.

The surgeon attributed not losing any of the convicts on his two voyages to:
1). keeping them on deck whenever the weather would permit between sunrise and sunset;
2). to keeping the prisons dry and well ventilated;
3). to prohibiting the convicts from using the water closets during the day (which were badly fitted);
4). to frequent fumigations;
5). great attention to cleanliness and
6). obliging them to take as much exercise as was possible.

The Borodino arrived in Port Jackson on 14 July 1828.

Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay inspected and mustered the male prisoners on 16th July preparatory to their landing and distribution. The convict indents reveal the name, age, education, religion, marital status, family, native place, trade, offence, when and where tried, sentence, prior convictions, physical description and where and to whom assigned. There is also occasional additional information regarding colonial crimes, deaths, relatives in the colony and pardons.

The prisoners were disembarked in the forenoon of 25th July 1828 and before evening most had been sent to their place of assignment. In the Hunter Valley, they were assigned to settlers such as Joseph B. Weller, George Williams, Peter McIntyre, William Dun and James Reid.

Thirteen prisoners were under the age of sixteen. The youngest were Thomas Stapleton, John Long and Owen Rooney who were all 14 years of age. They were sent to the Carter's Barracks. Owen Rooney's brother Terence was also transported on the Borodino. He died in George St. Sydney just one month after arrival.    -  The Sydney Gazette reported.....We stop the Press to report that, yesterday evening, between 7 and 8 several persons were wounded by bayonets, whilst quietly walking the streets between King St. and George Sts. In the bowels of one unfortunate man - a newly arrived prisoner by the Borodino - a bayonet was deposited! The poor man was taken to the General Hospital, and in ten minutes after was dead! - The Sydney Gazette 18 August 1828. One hundred pounds reward was later offered for information as to the identity of the soldier who had caused the death of Rooney.

The Borodino was to sail for the Isle de France on 26th August 1828.


Notes & Links:

1). Political Prisoners

2). Forty-seven of the Borodino convicts have so far been identified in the Hunter Valley. Select here to find out more about Hunter Valley convicts / passengers of the Borodino

3). James Bresnahan arrived as a convict on the Borodino. He was executed as a bushranger in September 1837

4). Seventeen convict ships arrived in New South Wales in 1828 -
Florentia, Elizabeth, Marquis of Huntley, Hooghly, Morley, Asia, Mangles, Borodino, Phoenix, Bussorah Merchant, Countess of Harcourt, Competitor, Marquis of Hastings, Albion, City of Edinburgh, Eliza and Royal George


5). Philip Aubin was appointed Ensign 14th February 1811, Lieutenant 29th April 1813, Captain 22 June 1826 and Major 12 April 1831. He served in the Peninsula from Nov. 1811 to the end of the war, including the battles of Vittoria, the Pyrenees, 25th, 28th, 30th and 31st July; Nivelle, Nive, 9th, 11th, and 13th December 1813, besides many other minor actions and skirmishes. He was severely wounded through the left side in action at Couchez 18th March 1814.

6).  Return of Convicts of the Borodino assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March 1832 (Sydney Gazette 14 June 1832; 21 June 1832; 28 June 1832; 5 July 1832).....

Thomas Derby Miller assigned to John Smith at Newcastle
Michael Dwyer Coachman assigned to D.A.C.G. Arnold at Sydney
Thomas Hewson or Henson Stable boy assigned to Henry Donnison at Sydney
John Kenny Ploughs. Assigned to George Druitt at Mount Druitt
Maurice Kelliger Paviour and labourer assigned to James Walker at Wallalang
James Mahoney Labourer assigned to George Blackett at Liverpool
Edward Masterton Rope maker assigned to William Ogilvie at Hunter's River
Patrick Nowlan Ploughman assigned to Francis Allman at Maitland
Michael Onion In and outdoor servant assigned to M.D. Irving at Sydney

7). Vessels bringing detachments of the 57th Regiment........

Date/Place of Departure Vessel Officer of the Guard
29 October 1824 Cork Asia 1825 Captain Richard Heaviside
5 January 1825 Portsmouth Asia 1825 (III) Lieutenant Thomas Bainbridge
5 January 1825 Portsmouth Royal Charlotte 1825 Major Edmund Lockyer
5 January 1825 Cork Hooghley 1825 Captain Patrick Logan
17 April 1825 Portsmouth Norfolk 1825 Captain James Brown
17 April 1825 Portsmouth Minstrel 1825 Lieutenant Henry John Tudor Shadforth
16 May 1825 Cork Lonach 1825 Lieutenant John William Donelan
11 July 1825 Cork Sir Godfrey Webster 1826 Lieutenant John Ovens
2 August 1825 Downs Medway 1825 (VDL) Lieutenant William Bates
5 August 1825 Dublin Henry Porcher 1825 Captain Vance Young Donaldson
22 August 1825 Portsmouth Marquis of Hastings 1826 Ensign Stewart
23 October 1825 Cork Mangles 1826 Lieutenant-Colonel Thomas Shadforth
30 November 1825 Portsmouth Sesostris 1826 Major John Campbell
11 June 1827 London Prince Regent 1827 Lieutenant Campbell
3 November 1827 Dublin Morley 1828 Captain Robert Hunt
11 February 1828 Cork Borodino 1828 Captain Philip Aubyn
23 February 1828 Dublin Mangles 1828 Lieut. Hill & Adjutant Lieut. Kidd
27 March 1828 London Bussorah Merchant 1828 Captain Burton Daveney (+ 1 soldier)
30 June 1828 Portsmouth Marquis of Hastings 1828 Colonel Allen
23 November 1828 London Asia 1828 Lieutenant George Edwards


References:

 (1). The Australian 16 July 1828




 

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