|Embarked 172 men
Voyage: 110 days
Surgeon's Journal: yes
Previous vessel: Louisa arrived 3 December 1827
Elizabeth arrived 12 January 1828
Master J.T. Billett.
Florentia was built at Newcastle UK in 1821. She brought
prisoners to New South Wales from counties throughout England and
Scotland in 1828 and 1830.
The Florentia got under
weigh from Sheerness on the 18th August 1828 and proceeded across
the Channel on 22nd. They put into Cork for fresh water on 1st
September. Six prisoners were disembarked at Cork suffering from
Typhus, among them Thomas Trigg, Matthew Bowen, James Brady and
The Florentia departed Cork on 15
The Military Guard consisted of a detachment
of the 40th regiment. Passengers included Captain Barnett and
James Dickson kept a Medical Journal from 23 July 1827
to 14 January 1828 in which he kept a daily record of weather
experienced during the voyage. The recordings commence on 11th
August while the ship was moored at Sheerness.
The wind was
from the south-west when they arrived off Sydney on 3 January 1828.
They came to anchor on the following day and entered Sydney Cove on
5th January under an easterly breeze.
A muster was held by
Colonial Secretary Alexander McLeay on 5th January 1828. The indents
include the name, age, education, religion, marital status, family,
native place, trade, offence, when and where tried, sentence, prior
convictions, physical description and where assigned on arrival.
There is also occasional information regarding pardons, deaths and
relatives in the colony.
The Monitor reported - On
Monday last (14th), the prisoners who arrived on the ship Florentia
were landed, when the usual inspection took place in the jail yard,
previous to their distribution. They appeared very clean and
healthy. We understand that ten of them, were immediately forwarded
to Penal Settlements, pursuant to directions received from home they
being troublesome or bad characters. We may draw an inference of the
wretched state of England from the number of able young men who are
continually arriving in this Colony. Upwards of one hundred of the
prisoners by the Florentia, were under twenty one years of age
The youngest prisoners on board were Joseph Acton (16);
Henry Beard (16), William Castigane (16); Alexander Donaldson (16);
Thomas Goate (16); William Miller (16); Thomas Westcott (16);
Richard Gadd (15); William Hunt (15); William Keith (15); John Morin
(15); James Mills (15); Patrick Ryan (15); John Collins (14) and
Charles Kinslow (14).
Four men were assigned directly to the
Newcastle district. Benjamin Cartwright, William Cooper, Francis
Turner and Thomas Wright. They gave their occupations as miners and
were probably assigned to work in the government run
Newcastle Coal Mines.
three prisoners were assigned to the Australian
Agricultural Company.. - Thomas Beckett, John Bond, Richard
Barrett, Isaac Barnett, James Burnett, John Connor, Joseph Acton,
Joshua Bowler, Henry Beard, John Baylin, William Bitton, John Culpin,
William Castigane, John Clarke, John Crane, John Donaldson, Joseph
Habberfield, Charles Kinslow, George Thomas, Charles Randall, Thomas
Nicholls and James Stephen. This was before the Company had control
of the coal mines at Newcastle and so many of these men were
probably assigned to work as shepherds in the
Port Stephens district and north to the Liverpool Plains.
This was probably the case for Nathanial Burrows a potter from
Derby, who to his great good fortune was also assigned to the A.A.
Company on arrival. Burrows received his ticket of leave in 1832,
and became a squatter holding a lease of 15,360 acres at Hanging
Rock which had capacity of 500 head of cattle, and was known as ‘the
Hanging Rock Run'. In August 1851 while out on his run Nathanial
Burrows spotted a stockman panning for gold along Swamp Creek. He
rode to Tamworth t to tell of his news and
before long the rush to the
Hanging Rock Gold Fields had begun.
James Dickson was
also surgeon on the convict ships
Countess of Harcourt in 1824, Woodford in 1826 (VDL) and the
Notes & Links:
here to find the punishment that Charles Metzgar endured at
Campbelltown in 1833.
Hunter Valley convicts / passengers arriving on the Florentia in
3). Seventeen convict ships arrived in New South Wales in
1828 - Florentia,
Countess of Harcourt,
4). Return of Convicts of the
Florentia assigned between 1st January 1832 and 31st March
1832 (Sydney Gazette 28 June 1832; 5 July 1832).....
||Sailor and labourer assigned to
Hamilton Hume at Appin
||Ribbon weaver assigned to Thomas
Prentice at Wollombi
||Carpenter assigned to
Ogilvie at Hunter's River