Signing of first
land grant in Australia. (Parramatta)
a convict whose sentence had expired and who had recently married (to
Elizabeth Perrey on 5th September 1790), was granted 30 acres on 30th March
1791. HRA Return of Lands Granted dated 5 November 1791 records
that there was already 8 acres, 2 roods of land under cultivation. Prior to
the Grant, Ruse was allowed 1 acre and a hut by Governor Phillip in November
1789 in order to establish the time it would take a man to cultivate
sufficient quantity of ground to support himself
(HRA, Series 1, Vol. 1., 1788 - 1796 p. 183)
The 30 acre
grant was sold to surgeon John Harris in 1793.
The greater part of the
live stock having been killed in 1790, the colony was distressed for
provisions. A laying hen sold for 20 shillings; pork a shilling a pound and
a roasting pig sold for 10 shillings.
First Ship of the Third Fleet arrived at Sydney Cove
on 9 July 1791 with 141 female convicts
and six children, almost all in good health. She brought stores and nine months
provisions for the women. The convicts were
landed on 11th July 1791
12 prisoners settled
between Prospect Hill and the Ponds on the Hawkesbury Road
Arrival in Sydney
of remainder of the Ships of the Third Fleet -
February 18. The Mary Anne, bound to Botany Bay, sailed from
Gravesend with near 100 women convicts on board. The Matilda
also sailed at the same time to receive convicts at
Portsmouth. Two other ships have sailed within these nine
days, the William and Anne, and the Britannia, both with men
convicts, supposed to have on board about 200 each. The other
ships still lying at Gravesend, to receive the men convicts
from Newgate, are the Albemarle, the Barrington, and the
Active...... The Lady's Magazine: Or Entertaining
Companion for the Fair Sex ..., Volume 22
arriving on the Matilda Daniel Phillips accompanied John Howe on
his expedition of discovery in 1819.
A total of 205 male convicts were
brought out on the Matilda.24 prisoners died on the passage out.
Mary Anne received the Matilda's cargo with 99 male convicts, and sailed for Norfolk Island having on board
133 male convicts, one female convict and two children.
anchored at Sydney Cove about midday.
Arrival of the
Salamanderwith 12 privates of the NSW Corps and 154 male convicts
and stores and provisions. Most of the convicts were in a weak emaciated
state, and complained that proper attention had not been paid to them.
Captain Bunker on the
William and Ann and Thomas Melville on the Britannia were two of
the first men who embarked on whaling voyages in 1791 ...Captain Tench's Account of the Colony in The British Critic
In 1791 a fishery for
spermaceti whales on the coast of New South Wales was commenced by Captain
Melville, commander of the Britannia, a ship belonging to Messrs. Enderby
and Sons, the first British merchants who adventured in the southern whale
fishery. Having discovered in his passage to Port Jackson with a load of
convicts, that the spermaceti whales are more abundant in the seas adjacent
to that country than near the coasts of South America, he sailed from that
port on a whaling expedition, and was followed by several other vessels,
which, like his own, were fitted for the whale fishery, and according to the
original destination of their voyages, were to have stretched across the
Pacific ocean to the coast of Peru on that pursuit. Captain M. got only one
out of four whales that he killed, nor were the other vessels more
successful, owing to the very tempestuous weather while they were out. But
they were sufficiently encouraged to consider those seas as very favourable
for the prosecution of the most valuable branch of the whale fishery. Read more........
The Salamander sailed for
Norfolk Island with 160 male convicts, stores, provisions, two non-commissioned officers and 11 privates
Arrival of the
Gorgon. Governor King arrived as passenger under Captain John Parker,
with His Majesty's Authority for granting Pardons Absolutely or
Conditionally. Governor King arrived as passenger on the Gorgon.
Arrival of the convict ship Active. Master John Michinsonn.
pickpocket George Barrington arrived on the Active.
First Irish convicts arrive on
the Queen. Provisions and 126 male convicts and 21 female convicts.
The Queen and the Active brought a part of the
Guardian's cargo and
detachments from the New South Wales corps.
Duel fought between Major Robert
Ross of the Marines and Captain William Hill
Gorgon cleared the Heads with a fair wind on her return voyage to
England with the main body of the First Fleet Marines. Those who
departed on the Gorgon included
Sergeant James Scott and his wife and children; Major Robert Ross; Ralph
Clark; Watkin Tench; William Dawes